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RECEPTACLE OUTLETS FOR SMALL-APPLIANCE CIRCUITS
210.52(B), 210.52(C), 210.11(C)(1), AND 220.52(A)
A minimum of 2 – 20 amp, 120 volt, 1500 VA small-appliance circuits shall be required to supply receptacle outlets that are located in the kitchen, pantry, breakfast room, and dining room. The two small-appliance circuits shall be routed to the kitchen countertop(s), and the outlets proportioned among the two circuits as evenly as possible to prevent unbalanced loading of the circuits. Unbalanced loading may trip open the overcurrent protection device if too many portable appliances are plugged into the same small-appliance circuit. (See Figure 10-11)
The 2 – 20 amp small-appliance circuits wired with 12-2 AWG w/ground, nonmetallic-sheathed cable (Romex or rope) shall only supply receptacle outlets located in the kitchen, pantry, breakfast room, and dining room. All other receptacle outlets shall be served by the general-purpose branch circuits or individual branch circuits per 220.14(I and (J), and 210.23(A), or 210.19(A)(1)(a) and (b). Switched receptacle outlets connected to the general-purpose branch circuits per 210.52(B)(1), Ex. 1 and 210.70(A)(1), Ex. 1 to serve swag lights, table lamps, floor lamps, etc. shall also be permitted. These are in addition to those required in 210.52(B). All receptacle outlets shall be installed so that no point along the floor line of an unbroken wall is farther than 6 ft (1.8 m) from an outlet per 210.52(A)(1).
Exception 2 to 210.52(B)(1) permits a receptacle outlet to be installed from an individual branch circuit to supply a compressor motor for refrigeration equipment.
Exception 2 to 210.52(B)(2) permits receptacle outlets to be installed on the small-appliance circuits to supply loads such as timers, clocks, burner ignition systems on gas ovens, cooktops, and ranges.
Design Tip: This rule makes it clear that such mentioned motor loads shall be permitted to be supplied by an individual 15 amp branch circuit per 210.19(A)(1)(a), a general-purpose motor branch circuit per 430.53(A).
There is an Ex. 1 to 210.52(B)(2), which permits another outlet to be supplied by the small-appliance circuits. The Ex. 1 permits a clock outlet to be served by any one of the small-appliance circuits. To apply this exception, the clock outlet shall be located in the kitchen, pantry, dining room, or breakfast room. (See Figure 10-12)